Lab 1: Stress in Tensile and Compressive Structures
There are three stations for this lab:
- Cable Strength –explores the breaking strength of steel.
- The Washington Monument – shows how the principles learned with respect to tensile forces in the Cable Strength lab also apply to compressive structures such as the Washington Monument
- Cable and Arch Shape – demonstrates that the proper shape for a cable structure when under uniform loading is a parabola. It will then show the extent to which cables and arches can be considered equivalent structures, with one acting in tension and the other compression
Lab 2: Bridges – Suspension and Horizontal Cantilever
The lab will involve the study of two bridges:
- The Menai Straits Bridge illustrates the principles of a suspension bridge
- The Quebec Bridge illustrates the principles of a horizontal cantilever bridge.
Lab 3: Steel Reinforced Concrete
The purpose of this lab is to test and analyze the structural and strength properties of concrete and reinforced concrete beams. This lab is to be performed over two sessions:
- The mixing of concrete and casting of cylinders and beams will be completed in the first session.
- During the second session the cylinders will be tested to establish the strength of the concrete made. Predictions of the failure point of the beams will then be made prior to their testing using a structural loading machine.
Lab 4: Tall Buildings: Columns and Cantilevers
Through the examples of the Eiffel Tower and the Washington Monument, this laboratory will demonstrate how tall structures are affected by their own dead load and the live load of the wind.
Lab 5: Designing for Strength and Elegance
Design competitions are catalysts for structural art. Winning proposals highlight the two principles of design – discipline and play. Discipline is defined by the necessity to meet certain spatial, economic and strength requirements. Play is produced by the innovation that improves a good design into a winning design. In this (multiple-day) lab, you will work in groups to produce the following two designs that will be tested to failure and judged for strength and aesthetics:
(1) a foot-long bridge
(2) a form-found shell structure
Lab 6: Wind Effects on Tall Buildings
Using a wind tunnel, the effects that differently shaped buildings have on vortex shedding are examined.
This lab is under development. If you are interested in obtaining draft construction drawings for the wind tunnel, please contact Maria Garlock.