Félix Candela and the Hyperbolic Paraboloid

Description: Themes: Félix Candela's evolution as a structural artist; Imitation and innovation of observed thin-shell forms; From master builder to structural artist.

Learning Objectives: Students should be able to: Define the hyperbolic paraboloid (hypar) and why Candela favored this form; Describe some of Candela's significant structures (Cosmic Rays, Umbrellas, Milagrosa, Los Manantiales, Cuernavaca, Bacardi Rum Factory); Define difference between "masterbuilder" and "structural artist"; Explain Candela's process of conception of form, calculation, and construction; Describe Candela's evolution of imitation, innovation, inspiration; Contrast the form of the St. Louis Airport Terminal to Candela's Bacardi Rum Factory, and discuss how Candela improved upon the design.

Keywords reinforced concrete, Candela, hyperbolic paraboloid (hypar), vault construction, Cosmic Rays Pavilion, umbrellas, Candelaria, Milagrosa, Los Manantiales, Cuernavaca, Bacardi Rum Factory

Categories: Structural EngineeringPrinceton University, Vaults

Teaching Materials

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