Description: From the course, "Introduction to Civil Engineering"
Learning Objectives: 1. Explore towers as structural systems. 2. Introduce masonry and metal as construction materials. 3. Discuss the evolution and inspiration of structure through the Washington Monument and Eiffel tower. 4. Compare and critique the Washington Monument and Eiffel tower using the 3 S's framework - social, scientific, and symbolic.
Keywords: Washington Monument, Eiffel tower, masonry design, steel design, loads/forces, foundations